What are the signs of anal cancer? 6 signs to know

The most dangerous diseases are those whose symptoms often go unnoticed. Anus cancer is unequivocally one of these diseases. The latter, asymptomatic in the early stages of the disease, does not end up causing signs only when the tumor grows and spreads to nearby tissues. For this purpose, discover 6 signs of cancer that should not be ignored.
Anal cancer is a condition that affects the anal canal. Its symptoms are very similar to those of rectal cancer, so it is very easy to confuse them. However, it is also very essential to separate them because the treatments of the two diseases are different.
Anal cancer, a rare disease
Squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal accounts for nearly 2% of malignant tumors affecting the digestive system. According to the National Society of Colo-proctology (SNFCP), it affects 3 times more women than men. It was typically found in women over 60 years of age but has evolved over the last few decades. The reason? The epidemic of human Papillomavirus. It’s transmitted during sexual intercourse. Nearly 40% of women are infected with this virus during the first two years of sexual activity.

Signs of anal cancer

In France, anal cancer affects about 1,000 people each year. Its symptoms are identical to those observed in benign anal diseases such as hemorrhoids. It is therefore essential to consult a doctor as soon as possible as soon as they appear. Here are the signs that should alarm you:


1. Blood in the stool

When your stool is accompanied by a reddish, blood-like fluid, it may be due to cancer of the anus. It is also not uncommon for black fluid to be seen. The blood mixes with the feces and takes on its color.

2. Itching of the anal area

If you feel discomfort, itching or discomfort after you have taken a bowel movement, it may indicate that there is a tumor in your anal canal.


3. Mucus discharge

Cancer of the anus can sometimes be accompanied by mucus discharge that you may find in your underwear or with your stool.


4. Pain and pressure in the anal area
If you feel pressure on your anus like a lump that weighs as if you want to go to the bathroom but there is nothing to evacuate, this should alarm you.


5. Narrow saddles

It is not uncommon for a person with anal cancer to have difficulty defecating. Narrow, long stools in the shape of a “pencil” can be a sign of anal cancer.


6. Condylomata in the anal area

Condylomas, otherwise known as genital warts, are a common symptom of anal cancer. If you notice warts in the anal area, it may be due to anal cancer.

It is important if you experience one or more of these symptoms to see a doctor as soon as possible. Early diagnosis is the surest way to increase your chances of recovery.

Treatment of anal cancer
When detected in time, anal cancer very rarely develops into metastasis, with only 10% of cases progressing to metastasis. Radiochemotherapy is the recommended treatment for this cancer. Surgery is only a last resort for this disease because it consists of amputating the anus and performing a colostomy, a procedure that allows the epithelium of the colon to join the wall of the abdomen.

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