A heart attack is characterized by a total arterial obstruction that prevents oxygen-rich blood flow from reaching the myocardium. If it is sudden and abrupt, it is not without warning signs that you should be aware of it. Many people mistakenly believe that heart attacks affect mainly men. However, almost a third of women are thought to suffer from cardiovascular disease. Here are the signs they need to pay attention to.
It is difficult to know when a heart attack may occur, especially since the symptoms differ between men and women. However, it is important to listen to your body for early warning signs:
1. Breathing problems
These are breathing difficulties and shortness of breath that can occur during very simple activities that would not normally tire you. It can also be felt at rest, sitting or lying down.
2. excessive perspiration
If the body is sweating excessively and sweating profusely for no apparent reason, it could be related to a cardiovascular disorder. According to Harvard Health Publishing, this symptom would often be ignored but would be an important sign to examine with a doctor.
3. Sleep Disorders
According to France TV Info, nearly 80% of adults affected by sleep apnea are unaware of it, and it greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular disorders. According to Dr. Assyag, sleep apnea would lead to consecutive stops in breathing which, in the case of a coronary patient, could lead to cardiac arrest. This is a sign that women tend to ignore, especially during pregnancy or menopause.
4. Intense fatigue
If despite a healthy lifestyle and regular physical activity, fatigue and a feeling of weakness appear suddenly, a medical opinion is required to determine the cause.
5. pressure on the chest
While men experience a generally stabbing pain in their breasts, women are more prone to a feeling of weight and pressure in their breasts. As the president of the French Cardiology Federation explains, “chest pain radiating from the left arm and jaw, typical in men, is absent in women in about 40% of cases”.
According to Dr. Uzan, a sports cardiologist, palpitations should be monitored as they could be an indicator of heart disease. He also stresses that these should never be considered “normal” and should always be consulted.
7. Feeling unwell or nauseated :
Nausea is also considered a symptom that should not be ignored, especially if it is followed by vomiting. Also, discomfort or dizziness may be associated with cardiac risk.
8. Neck, shoulder and back pain :
Pain between the shoulder blades and more generally in the shoulders and back often causes a burning sensation. A nurse testifies in an article relayed by Ouest-France. Before the cardiac arrest, she would have felt a pain similar to that of a muscular tear “crossing her upper back, shoulder blades and also both arms”.
9. A migraine aura:
According to the French Society for the Study of Migraines and Headaches, the aura is a term used to refer to the neurological symptoms that occur before the headache. They are usually visual and may be accompanied by flashes of light or blurred vision.
According to Dr. Souvik Sen, neurologist, and author of a study on the link between migraines and cardiac risks, it is essential to consult a doctor when migraines occur. The doctor will then take into account the risk factors for a heart attack, such as blood pressure, diabetes, smoking or high cholesterol, among other factors.